When starting out Hackintoshing, there can be a lot of daunting terms and jargon. In this section, I will attempt to define many of these terms.
Basic Input/Output System The BIOS is the first thing that launches when you start your computer. The BIOS is built into a chip on your motherboard. It is responsible for basic low-level settings, over-clocking and starting the bootloader.
Serial ATA Connector This is the cable type and interface between your hard drives and motherboard.
The bootloader is a piece of software that is initiated by the bios. It allows you to select what drive or partition to boot to and starts the kernel.
Clover is a specialized bootloader that is capable of loading OS X on a Hackintosh. It is an EFI (Extensible Firmware Interface) bootloader, which means that acts as a layer between your hardware and OS X.
This is the core of your operating system. It manages your core system functions and is responsible for loading the rest of your operating system.